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The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

People all over the world believe in many gods.
The places of pilgrimage of these gods make them the most important religious places in the world, some large and others unusually large.
Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs and many other religions generally build temples as religious places.
In the tradition of Western Christianity, for example, we hardly ever use a temple, so we exclude these cathedrals and churches.
By comparison: In the Eastern Christian tradition we very often use the term temple.
There are the 10 largest temples in the world:

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

The Baalbeek Temple is one of the most amazing archaeological sites in the northeast of Lebanon.
It was the largest temple of the Roman Empire, called Heliopolis by the Romans.
Who built Baalbek?
The Romans built three temples around this area, where the main deities were Jupiter, Bacchus and Venus.
The temple of Jupiter has 54 heavy granite columns, and only 6 of these huge columns are still preserved.
When did the Romans build Baalbek?
They build the temple of Bacchus 150 n. Chr., and the site is still well preserved.
The walls are decorated with 42 Corinthian columns and stand upright.
In the first place, the Roman gods Hadad, Atargatis and the young male fertility god were worshipped.

9. Minakshi Temple in Amman

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

In the holy city of Madurai in India stands a historic Hindu temple called Minakshi Sundaresvara or Minakshi Amman (Minakshi’s mother in ancient Tamil).
It is dedicated to Lord Shiva – here he is called Sundaresvararar or the Beautiful Lord – and his wife Parvati, a place called Minakshi.
Where is it?
The temple is the center of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. Madurai is an old town that is at least 2500 years old.
The architecture of the temple contains 14 beautiful goepurammen or towers, with two golden goepurammen for the most important deities, artistically modelled and photographed to show the architectural and sculptural possibilities of ancient India.

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

The temple is a Hindu sanctuary dedicated to Shiva, on the southern bank of the Kaveri River in Tamil Nadu, India.
It is also called Rajarajeswaram or Pervudayar Kofil.
Temple architecture
This is one of the largest temples in South India, carved from a single stone, a glimpse of Dravidian architecture.
The whole temple is made of granite stones and the first complete temple is made of granite.
The temple is about 66 meters high, and the sculpture of Nandi (bull), also carved in a single stone, is about 16 meters long and 13 meters high.
Who built it?
The Raja Raja Chol I built this temple around 1010 n. Chr. In several professions the temple needs 600 workers.
Since ancient times, the temple of Brikhadiswar has been the largest temple of Lord Shiva in the world.
This temple is also on the UNESCO World Heritage List because of its exceptionally detailed architectural design.

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

Tikal is one of the largest sites of Maya civilization in Latin America and the Caribbean in Guatemala.
Tikal was a city of the ancient Mayan civilization that had many pyramidal temples.
But the biggest one, the fourth, was 741 n. Chr. with a height of 64.6 meters.
Why is Tikal famous?
Like Mesopotamia and the ancient civilization of the Indus Valley, Tikal was within a year of the first Mayan cities gaining their fame in the early classical period (250-600 A.D.).
Tikal earned its wealth by exploiting its natural resources and geographical location to become the first Mayan superpower.
Temple IV is the seventh largest temple in the world and is also on the UNESCO World Heritage List.

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

Jetavanaramaya is the largest stupa complex in the world in terms of size.
It is located in the city of Anuradhapura in Sri Lanka.
King Mahasena built it in III. Century n. Chr., their construction took 15 years and about 93.3 million baked bricks were used.
The king died during construction, but they were completed by his son Magawan I. Jetavanaramaia was the third tallest building in the world behind the Egyptian pyramids, with a height of 122 meters.
The diameter of the dome itself is about 95 meters.
The architecture resembles a hill and contains Buddhist relics, the ashes of deceased monks.

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

The Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple is an important sanctuary dedicated to Lord Ranganath (the vision of Lord Vishnu).
This temple is also one of the most famous in India, visited annually by millions of tourists and worshippers.
The temple is also one of the largest sanctuaries and has an area of 6 31,000 square meters.
It is 73 meters high and dates from the 17th century. century, but was only completed in 1987.

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

The Akshardham Swaminaray complex is located in New Delhi, the capital of India.
Who built it?
It was built between 2000 and 2005 by 3000 volunteers and 7000 craftsmen. It could also be considered a modern temple.
Pramukh Swami Maharaj motivated and developed this project, and it represents thousands of years of Indian and Hindu culture and architecture.
Architecture Completed by the religious group BAPS and their ancient analogues, the decoration of the Akshardham temple was not abandoned at any cost.
The central monument is 43 meters high, 96 meters wide and 110 meters long. It is covered with images of flora, fauna, dancers, musicians and gods.
It is made entirely of pink Rajastani sandstone and Italian Carrara marble and has no steel or concrete foundation.
It is also the most modern, largest and most beautiful temple in the world.

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

The Shailendra dynasty built this temple around the 9th century. century in Magelang, Central Java.
The most important deity of the temple is Lord Buddha, which is actually an ancient meditation centre built by monks together.
The temple consists of six square platforms, with three round platforms above them beautifully decorated with 2,672 relief plates and 504 Buddha statues.
In addition, 72 statues of Buddha in a seated position, overlooking the central tower of the upper platform, surround the temple.
The total area of the entire region is approximately 2,500 square metres.

2. Carnac (Great Apostolic Hall)

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

It is one of the most visited places in Egypt after the Great Pyramids.
Although badly devastated, in Egypt there are a few more places than Karnak that are worth a visit.
It is the largest ancient temple in the world and represents the joint work of generations of Egyptian builders.
In fact, Karnak consists of several separate temples. The largest and most popular hall of the Hypostyle is 5,000 square meters.
The construction of this building was started during the Middle Kingdom by Sesostris I and continued throughout the Ptolemaic period.
The most important elements are the site of Amoun Ra, the site of Muta, the site of Montu and the Temple of Amenhotep IV.
It is an ancient temple from the time of Ptolemy.

The Top Ten Greatest Temples in the World

The largest temple in the world is the Angkor Wat temple complex in Cambodia and is the most important national landmark of the country.
Angkor Wat, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, covers more than 500 hectares.
Khmer King Suryavarman II built a temple complex.
We consider it to be the largest religious center in Southeast Asia in antiquity.
The surface of the temple is 162.6 hectares or 1,626,000 square meters.
The one from the beginning of the 12th century. The temple, built in the 16th century, was dedicated to Lord Vishnu and later became a Buddhist center (the Buddha would have been Vishnu’s reincarnation).
It imitates the architectural plan of Mount Meru, the holy mountain in Buddhism and Hinduism.
The main tower is 65 meters high and is surrounded by four other towers.
The three-storey building has a central hall with paintings and images of Buddha depicting scenes from the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
Angkor Wat looks to the west, which is strange because most Hindu temples are built in the east.
The most important material for the construction of this temple was sandstone.
Sculptures and engravings are beautifully decorated at the entrance of the Angkor Wat temple.
In the temple stands the statue of a Hindu god, Lord Vishnu, 3.2 meters high.
The outer gallery of the Angkor Wat temple covers an area of 186 x 215 meters.
The next two galleries are then connected. On the second level – 100 x 115 meters (328 x 377 meters).
The inner gallery has a rectangular area of 60 x 60 meters. The tower stands 65 meters above the floor of the main temple.

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