This section is dedicated to the largest countries in the world and covers most of the world.
We humans have divided the surface of the earth into many nations.
Some of them are real giants like Russia, Canada, the United States, China, Brazil and Australia.
We have submitted our country and dependency studies to the United Nations Department of Statistics.
These are the ten largest countries in the world per area:
10. Algeria-2 381 741 km²
Algeria is a North African state with a Mediterranean coast and a vast Sahara desert.
With a total surface area of 2.38 million square kilometres, it is the largest country in Africa (the second largest is the Democratic Republic of Congo).
The 998 km long Mediterranean coast with the vast Algerian Sahara stretches across the borders with Western Sahara in the west, Niger and Mali in the south.
The desert represents 90% of the relief, while many of the areas are at high altitude.
9. Kazakhstan-2 724 900 km²
Kazakhstan, the largest landlocked country in the world, is located in Central Asia and is a former Soviet Republic (the largest ever founded).
It stretches from the eastern part of the Caspian Sea to the Altai Mountains on the eastern border with China and Russia.
Kazakhstan’s 2.72 million square kilometres stretch over vast grasslands and mountains.
Most of the year the climate is hot and humid, but not entirely desert.
Temperatures in Kazakhstan fluctuate sharply throughout the year, although Kazakhstan is not as cold as some areas of its northern neighbour, Russia.
Because of the landscape and the horses the country is very popular.
8. Argentina – 2,780,400 km²
Argentina is a country located in the southernmost part of Central America.
It covers an area of 2.78 million square kilometres and includes the world’s most diverse geographical areas and wetland climate, tropical areas in the north and icy areas in the south.
India covers an area of 3.29 million square kilometres, making it the seventh largest country in the world.
And although it is only part of Europe in terms of size, it has a much larger population than the European Union as a whole.
Europe has a population of 743 million, while India has a population of more than 1.2 billion.
The population density of India is about 1069 people per square mile.
Geologically, India lies on a separate subcontinent.
Studies show that the sea (off the coast of the Indian Ocean) once separated the whole country from its Asian neighbours.
6. Australia-7,741,220 km²
With approximately 7.69 million square kilometers, Australia is more than twice the size of India and by far the largest country in Oceania.
It is so vast that there is still a broad debate as to whether Australia is an island, a country or a continent.
As a continent, Australia is surrounded by many small island states and is the only large country in the South Pacific.
The vast majority of the population lives in coastal cities such as Sydney in the east, Melbourne in the south, Brisbane and Perth in the west.
This is because the Australian outback is one of the driest and hottest regions in the world.
Australia is known for its impressive and often deadly animals, but also for its rugged climate and rugged terrain.
Brazil is home to the world’s largest tropical rainforest, the Amazon, and is the largest country in South America in terms of surface area.
With an area of 8.5 million square kilometers and a population of more than 208 million, Brazil ranks fifth in the world in terms of surface area and population.
In the east, Brazil also has a long Atlantic coast that stretches for about 8,000 km.
Most major cities, including Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, are close to the coast.
Officially, the People’s Republic of China (China), with the largest population in the world – about 1.404 billion people – is the East Asian state.
In terms of total surface area, it is the fourth largest country in the world, covering approximately 9.6 million square kilometers (3,700,000 square miles).
3. United States-9,833,517 km²
The United States covers 9.63 million square kilometers, only more than China.
The United States is located in North America, bordered to the south by Mexico and to the north by Canada, and has a varied flora and fauna.
Two north-south regions have divided the country into three different geomorphological regions.
The Pacific Ocean is known for its year-round warm climate and long beaches along the California coast west of the Rocky Mountains.
Hidden between the Rocky Mountains and the Mississippi River, the Great Plains stretch from Canada to Mexico, offering the United States one of the world’s most fertile cultivation areas.
Finally, a third geographical part of the country is the Mississippi river basin, which serves as oxygen for the American production centres, on which the major cities are scattered.
Canada is the second largest country in the world by area and the largest in the western hemisphere.
Ten provinces and three areas cover 9.98 million square kilometres from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean and the north of the Arctic Ocean.
This means that with a population density of 4 people per square kilometer, Canada could have about 61 hectares for each of its 35 million inhabitants.
The vast cold tundra of Canada, which lies between the North Pole and the United States, extends to the North Pole.
The rocky mountains, like their southern neighbour, stretch from north to south in the west of the country, the snow-covered Arctic Circle in the northeast and the prairies that cover most of the country.
1. Russia – 17 075 200 km²
Russia covers an area of 17,125,200 square kilometers.
I don’t want to exaggerate, but in Russia, when the people on the western border wake up, the people in the east eat.
Russia has a population of 143 million people and if we divide the country among its citizens, it can afford a square kilometre of space for ten people.
By comparison, there are 30 people in the United States.
And last but not least: Russia is larger than the total area of Pluto.
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