The survival of endangered species due to low reproduction rates, loss of habitats and the effects of climate change is a dangerous problem caused by human activities.
For a general understanding, I will list some of the almost extinct animals fighting for their existence on this planet.
To justify their existence, I will eliminate common but not very common animals such as the endangered Philippine deer or the northern hairy wombat.
Indeed, to satisfy our visual appeal, we only care about species with an exotic appearance. These are the 10 rarest animals on the world list:
You’ve probably never heard of the shy, nocturnal pangolin that lives in the forests and meadows of Asia and Africa.
Pangolins are cute, small (about the size of a domestic cat) and can protect themselves if they feel threatened, if they curl up in a circle.
They are also incredibly popular endangered species and the world’s best-selling mammals.
WildAid estimates that people get up to 100,000 pangolins a year for their scales and meat.
Environmentalists are fighting to save the pangolin, the world’s most illegally sold mammal, from eating until it is almost extinct.
The Chinese, Vietnamese and Southeast Asians consider pangolin meat to be a delicacy, while the skins are valuable for traditional medicine.
There are still eight species in China, India, Southeast Asia and parts of Africa.
The Java rhino is one of the five subspecies and is closest to the Indian rhino, but is small in size.
There used to be many rhinos in the Javanese in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, but there are only about 60 in the wild (there are two known populations wanted).
They are now on the critical risk list. There are no Javanese rhinos left in the wild.
The war in Vietnam can be considered the main cause of the depletion of the Javanese Reno, as it has seriously exploited its natural habitat and is considered one of the biggest disturbances to the existence of the Javanese Reno.
Poachers, like other rhino populations, are looking for their horns to sell on the black market.
In the past 15 years, only two female Sumatran rhinos have successfully reproduced, but efforts in captive breeding programs have not worked.
The red wolf is a cousin of the grey wolf. Although native to Florida and the southeast, east of North Carolina, between 25 and 40 people live in the wild.
IUCN classifies red wolves as endangered.
Efforts have been made to preserve these intelligent animals, but they are still on the brink of extinction.
We know these dogs because of their shyness and their lifelong mating. In fact, in 1980 the red wolf was considered extinct in the wild.
The number of red wolves in captivity has increased to 207, and there are now about 100 in the wild.
Of course it is a success, but there are still reasons that have contributed to the threat to the red wolf, including the serious deterioration of their hunting grounds.
Fortunately there are hunting reserves to protect these wolves in their natural habitat from urban sprawl.
Although this rare species is sometimes called the forest giraffe, it doesn’t look like a giraffe until you take a closer look.
Okapis have a long tongue, but their limbs are striped black and white like a zebra and their physique resembles that of a horse.
The okapi is the only living relative of the giraffe, as both belong to the family of giraffes.
The history of the Okapi seems to have its roots in ancient Egypt, where murals of these animals can be found.
Until the 20th. In the 19th century stories about the African unicorn were told in Europe and Asia.
1887 Henry Morton Stanley describes a species of donkey in Congo called Atti.
Now we know that the species in question could be okapi. Scientists, zoologists and natural scientists now know a lot more about these strange animals.
In reality, the genus Okapia johnstoni is a real fossil, a living creature that seems to be what its ancestors were in ancient times, and does not live in close kinship, like the fact that it looks like a giraffe because of its zebra color.
We also know the Amur leopard as the Eastern leopard, which is the most endangered cat species in the world.
It is a unique nocturnal leopard with an estimated population of more than 84 people living in the forests of the Amur basin in eastern Russia, some of which are scattered in neighbouring China. A new reserve was created in 2012.
Amur Leopards have the lowest genetic variability (mating with genetic parents) of all other leopard subspecies, making them particularly vulnerable to extinction.
The Amur leopard has thick wool and long, thick hair, which ranges from creamy yellow to rusty orange, depending on the habitat.
Their base (spots), have thicker black edges and are more common than other leopard subspecies.
Legs and feet are larger than other subspecies, making them easier to move in deep snow.
Despite human intervention on the endangered Amur leopard, its low level of genetic variability has caused a number of health problems with the recent population decline, including a decline in fertility.
This little African rodent is a gold-smoked elephant.
In the family of earth-moving elephants, it is the largest family with the closest relative – the grey Sengi.
This shrew is known as the Golden Elephant shrew and is one of the most endangered species in the world, mainly due to the distribution of forests and anthropological conditions.
Their population is most visible in the Arabuko Sokoka Nature Reserve in Kenya, but we have destroyed their ecosystem through deforestation.
Hunters set traps for them, but because of the terrible taste of their meat, the natives don’t use them as a source of food.
These species are found in the Black Sea, the Mediterranean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean.
Overfishing is one of the reasons for their decline. In the Canary Islands and in the southern part of the Caribbean there are only a few sea angels left.
This animal lies under the sand to chase away the fish that swim in the attack zone. Angel sharks feed mainly on small fish and other small marine animals.
This rare tiger species exists only in captivity. Unlike other tigers it has a recessive gene and is sometimes called strawberry tiger or golden tabby.
Most of the genes of these tigers resemble the genes of the Bengal tiger, but as a rule, the genes of the Amur tiger are present in their pedigree.
The last golden tiger appeared in the wild in early 1900s in India, and is unusually associated with areas with a high concentration of clay in the soil.
We can be sure there are less than 30 such tigers in captivity.
Many marine mammals such as blue whales and dolphins are on the IUCN’s list of endangered species.
One species is seriously threatened, the Wakita.
The Wakita is the smallest of the marine mammals, with a size of about four and a half meters. In Spanish, the name of an animal means a small cow.
The Center for Marine Mammals estimates that there are only about 10 to 15 Wakwhites in the world today and that their population is declining at an astonishing rate.
This species is native to Mexico and the Gulf of California. Fishermen who use gill nets threaten their livelihoods.
In collaboration with international environmental scientists, animal care specialists and marine mammal veterinarians, the Marine Mammal Institute is working to protect Wakita by asking her to remove her gill nets.
These helpless animals, soon threatened with extinction, will be completely extinct by the end of 2020 if we do not take decisive measures to preserve them.
If you’ve never heard of Saol, don’t get angry. This animal is so rare that scientists have only seen it four times (yes, four times) in the wild.
What does Saolu, the rarest animal in the world, sometimes called the Asian unicorn?
Saola is known for her two horns on her head and the white spots on her face. It is only found in Laos and Vietnam, in Southeast Asia.
Saolos are closely related to cattle, but look a little more like antelopes.
Poaching and deforestation are the main reasons for the risk of habitat loss in the Saola.
Limiting habitat requirements and rejecting human proximity also threatens the loss of their habitat.
Saola has been injured by local hunting and the illegal trade in fur as food for medicines and meat.
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